The cost of K-12 dropouts
Zachary Janowski at the Yankee Institute has an interesting take on school efficiency in Hartford, CT:
Ten Connecticut school districts can produce two high
school graduates for the price of one Hartford high school diploma,
according to Department of Education data.
The most recent 13 years of education, representing kindergarten through 12th grade, cost $165,275 in Hartford. With a graduation rate of 69.3 percent, the cost per diploma in Hartford is $238,492.
In 2010, Hartford’s costs were less than double the costs of the most efficient school districts.
Presumably, students who drop out gain some benefits from
their schooling, even if they don’t receive a degree. But a partial high
school education is not much of an asset in the labor market relative
to completion of a rigorous secondary program and vocational training.
This analysis reveals just how much of Hartford’s K-12 investment is
being squandered for likely little gain in outcomes for kids who don’t
make it to graduation day.
The Yankee Institute’s analysis reveals an important side of the
“doing more with less” coin: Schools that can deliver higher quality and
better outcomes for the same level of spending should be highlighted as
best practices just as should schools that are able to trim expenses
and achieve the same level of quality. Hopefully Hartford and other
low-efficiency districts in Connecticut can look to their more
productive peers for strategies to increase their graduation rates.