State Superintendent Heffner: Understanding practical Common Core implementation challenges
I had the good fortune to spend time last week with Stan Heffner, Ohio’s new
state superintendent of public instruction. I enjoyed the conversation mightily
because it mostly focused on two things that don’t usually get enough attention
in education policy conversations – teaching and learning.
Specifically, Heffner shared with me his ideas and concerns for making sure
Ohio’s schools and teachers successfully implement and take ownership of the Common Core academic standards in
English language arts and mathematics. (Ohio is one of 46 states that have
adopted these common standards, which are slated to come online in 2014.)
will have to make some serious implementation decisions in the coming months
and years around the Common Core, including which assessment consortium to join
(right now, the Buckeye State has a foot in both the SMARTER Balanced Assessment Consortium
and the Partnership for the Assessment
of Readiness for College and Careers) and how to adapt the state’s
accountability system to the new tests and tougher standards.
But where Heffner
sees the most potential, both positive and negative, is around the practical
implementation issues that will face schools and school districts. This is because,
as a lifelong educator, he clearly understands that at the end of the day what
matters most for public education is student learning and that teachers are key
to facilitating it.
Heffner argued to me (and previously had written in a February 2011 paper for
the Council of Chief State Schools Officers) that the successful implementation
of the Common Core, in any state, will come down to teacher involvement and
ultimate buy-in. He believes that teachers should be involved in the
implementation process in five significant ways:
- They must
have a significant presence in the development of the new common assessments.
- They will
have to change their instructional practices in critical ways if the Common
Core is to ultimately lead to higher levels of student achievement.
- They will
need model curricula – either generated by states themselves or by SBAC or
PARCC in partnership with states – to help them understand and embrace the
rigor and expectations of the Common Core standards.
- They must be
involved in the development of the model curricula.
- They will
need significant amounts of professional development in order to change their
established practices and culture in favor of a new design that the Common Core
standards and common assessments will demand.
America’s top educators and experts have been involved in the design of both
the Common Core standards and the two assessment consortia, Heffner noted. But,
none of this will matter if the nation’s 3.5 million teachers who will be asked
to deliver the new system in America’s 132,000-plus public schools don’t buy
Change is hard. But for it to happen, the people leading it have to enter the
fray with their eyes wide open. Ohio’s new state superintendent clearly understands
the challenge the state faces in transitioning to the higher expectations of
the Common Core. I wish him well and hope for the best not only because I have two
children in an Ohio public school, but because all the state’s children need
the best education than can get.
The Fordham Institute, via the
Ohio Grantmakers Forum, is the recipient of a two-year grant from the Bill
& Melinda Gates Foundation to help support the smart implementation of the
Common Core State Standards and aligned assessments in the Buckeye State. Look for white papers, events, op-eds, and
more on Common Core implementation issues in the months and years to come. First up, later this month, is a primer on
the two assessment consortia to help guide Ohio’s decision.